What is ADHD?
Excessive issues with attention or focus may be an underlying diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Individuals with ADHD or ADD (without the hyperactivity) have difficulties in sustaining attention to tasks, particularly if they demand more effort than usual. They have significant problems with distraction, which contributes further to their problems paying attention. Just as problematic are difficulties controlling impulsive urges. Many individuals have problems controlling their activity level, being perceived as more active, restless, fidgeting, and otherwise engaged in behavior that is not relevant or is frankly inappropriate for the task or situation.
Many treatments exist that have shown effectiveness in reducing either the level of symptoms or the degree to which they impair functioning. The most substantiated treatments are medication management and different forms of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. CBT treatment for attention and distraction include skills to improve problem-solving, time management, organization and planning, and to decrease distraction.